Highest jobless rate in three decades causes drop in consumer confidence
GAINESVILLE, Fla. — Floridaâ€™s consumer confidence fell three points to 69 in November amid continued concerns over the stateâ€™s high unemployment rate, according to a new University of Florida survey.
â€śWe had expected consumer confidence to fluctuate in the upper 60s to low 70s for the next several months, so a decline was not a surprise,â€ť said Chris McCarty, survey director of UFâ€™s Bureau of Economic and Business Research. â€śThere are reasons for growing pessimism, particularly lingering employment issues that are expected to get worse over the next several months.â€ť
Floridaâ€™s unemployment level increased to 11.2 percent in October, the highest rate in 34 years, McCarty said.
â€śPerhaps more disturbing is the rising percentage of the long term unemployed â€“ those who are unemployed for six months or more â€“ who are dependent on an extension of unemployment benefits and may have continued difficulty finding work,â€ť he said.
This group accounted for 1.79 percent of the United States population in September, compared with 1.2 percent following the recession in 1982, he said.
â€śThe biggest surprise in this report was the very sharp decline in perceptions of the economy in the long run,â€ť McCarty said. â€śFlorida consumers may be wondering whether the effects of this downturn will last longer than usual, or perhaps some aspects of this downturn are permanent.â€ť
McCarty said he expects holiday retail sales to remain flat compared with a year ago, and he foresees no clear improvement in consumer confidence before the second quarter of 2010, if not later. (See related news release)
Of the five components that make up the index, two increased while three decreased. This monthâ€™s report is similar to October in that expectations about the economy declined, while perceptions of personal finances improved.
Perceptions of U.S. economic conditions over the next year fell seven points to 64, while perceptions of economic conditions over the next five years plummeted 11 points to 69. Also declining was perceptions of whether it is a good time to buy big-ticket consumer items, which dropped four points to 78.
In contrast, perceptions of personal finances now compared with a year ago rose five points to 49, while perceptions of personal finances a year from now rose two points to 84.
â€śThe bright side of this report is the rise in perceptions of personal finances,â€ť McCarty said, attributing the optimism to positive developments in housing prices and the stock market.
â€śHousing prices appear to have stabilized in many Florida markets,â€ť he said. â€śThe extension of the tax rebate for first-time buyers and the expansion of the program to include a $6,500 rebate for buyers who have owned a home for at least five years will help support those prices.â€ť
The main threat to housing prices is a further deterioration of employment, he said.
In other good news, the stock market has managed to sustain a rally, contributing to consumersâ€™ perceptions of wealth, and the Federal Reserve has so far held off on increasing interest rates, he said.
The research center conducts the Florida Consumer Attitude Survey monthly. Respondents are 18 or older and live in households telephoned randomly. The preliminary index for November was conducted from 431 responses. The index is benchmarked to 1966, so a value of 100 represents the same level of confidence for that year, he said.